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Pronouns: Definition, Types, Examples, Rules and Exercise

English Grammar is very important in everyday life especially for those who are preparing for Competitive Exams of Banks, Railways, GATE, SSC, IAS etc. English Grammar is the formation of some rules that are followed in a speech. Pronoun is one of the Parts of the Speech that we use in English. If you want to Understand What is Pronoun with Pronoun Definition, Pronoun Examples, Types of Pronouns, then read this article.

What is a Pronoun?

In English Grammar, a pronoun is defined as a word or phrase that may be substituted for a noun or noun phrase in a sentence. If there weren’t Pronouns, then we would end up repeating Nouns in our sentences every now and then. That would surely make the speech cumbersome.

A pronoun can act as a subject, direct object, indirect object, object of the Preposition, and any other that a Noun would be capable of.

Examples of Pronoun include: He, She, It, They, We

As mentioned, pronouns are usually used to replace nouns, however, their usage is not limited. They can also stand in for certain adverbs, adjectives, and other pronouns.

You can use Pronouns anytime when you want to refer to a person, place, animal or a thing. This will make your speech sound better and more connected.

Classification Types of Pronouns

Although the list of Pronouns is very wide and it’s just next to impossible to use or shoe all of them. But, as you start recognising them in sentences, it will become much easier for you to use and remember them.

Some of the Pronouns are listed below. Remember that each one of these pronouns is a word that can be used to take the place of a noun. Try to use the listed Pronouns in Sentences, as it will help you to understand it better. We all use each of the Pronouns every now and then in our daily lives so it’s very easy to understand the Pronouns.

Types of Pronouns

Pronouns can be divided into numerous categories including:

  1. Indefinite pronouns –Those Pronouns that are used to refer unspecified objects, beings, or places.
  2. Personal pronouns – Those Pronouns that are associated with a certain person, thing, or group; all except you have distinct forms that indicate singular or plural number
  3. Reflexive pronouns – These Pronouns are preceded by the adverb, adjective, pronoun, or noun to which they refer, and ending in –self or –selves.
  4. Demonstrative pronouns – These Pronouns are used to point to something specific within a sentence.
  5. Possessive pronouns – These types of Pronouns demonstrate a sense of possession or ownership.
  6. Relative pronouns – These Pronouns refer to nouns mentioned that are mentioned previously, usually act as an introducer of an adjective (relative) clause.
  7. Interrogative pronouns – The Pronouns that introduce a question.
  8. Reciprocal pronouns – Pronouns expressing mutual actions or relationship; i.e. one another
  9. Intensive pronouns – These type of Pronouns are used to emphasise their antecedents and generally have -self or -selves in the end.

Rules to Use Pronouns in Sentences

There are a few important rules for using pronouns. As you read through these rules and the examples in the next section, notice how the pronoun rules are followed. Soon you’ll see that pronouns are easy to work with.

1.Subject pronouns may be used to begin sentences.

For example :We did a great job.

2. Subject pronouns may also be used to rename the subject.

For example: It was she who decided we should go to Hawaii.

3. Indefinite pronouns don’t have antecedents. They are capable of standing on their own. For

For example: No one likes the sound of fingernails on a chalkboard.

4. Object pronouns are used as direct objects, indirect objects, and objects of prepositions. These include: you, me, him, her, us, them, and it. For

For example: David talked to her about the mistake.

5. Possessive pronouns show ownership. They do not need apostrophes. For

For example: The cat washed its whiskers.

Illustrative Examples of Pronouns

In the following examples, the pronouns are italicised.

  1. Somebody has to do the remaining work.
  2. These are a nice pair of shoes.
  3. We ran into each other at the mall.
  4. It might be raining in London.
  5. You are the only one whom I can Trust
  6. Roger always appreciates himself.
  7. The laundry isn’t going to do itself.
  8. Anybody can do what he aims to.
  9. We will be going on a picnic.

Pronoun Exercises with Answers

The following exercise will help you to gain a stronger grasp over Pronoun. Choose the best answer to complete each sentence.

  1. This is __________ speaking.
  2. George is as smart as __________ is.
  3. The kitten ate  __________ favorite food.
    it is
  4. It could have been __________ .
    more difficult
  5. Tom is taller than __________ am.


B. This is he speaking.
C. George is as smart as he is.
D. The kitten ate its favourite food.
B. It could have been anyone.
A. Tom is taller than I am.

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