We talk to a lot of people daily and being one of them it is necessary that we reply to questions asked. The conversations play a big role in deciding whom do we like and who like us. These conversations are called speech. But, everything what we say should have a informative meaning and should make sense. Let’s consider this example: is going not market to Philip the. This sentence contains some English words but does not makes sense. Why? Because the arrangement of words is not correct.
Hence, if you want to convey a message to someone then you should use these words but in a manner that they make sense. The words that are used in sentences are the parts of speech and each word has a definite work in the sentence.
What is a Part of Speech?
Parts of speech refers to the words used in a sentence which serves a specific purpose. The words in a sentence are placed in a certain fashion that the whole sentence forms a meaningful sense.
Consider an example: The people of Rome are great.
There are 6 words in the above sentence. Each word in the sentence is serving a purpose. If any word is omitted, the message conveyed by the sentence will be changed. Therefore, words in the sentence are classified into different classes. And these classes are known as parts of speech.
Primarily, there are 8 Parts of Speech. But according to some grammarians, there are 9 Parts of speech.
So, which is the 9th Part of Speech? Due to the extensive usage of Determiners in the English Language, some grammarians consider it as the 9th Part of speech.
So the Eight Parts of Speech + 1 in the English Language are:
- Determiners (optional)
What are the 9 Parts of Speech in English Grammar: Explained
What is a Noun! A Noun is a word used for the name of a person, place or thing (includes anything which we can see, hear, taste or think of). Or in other words, Noun is the name of anything that can be touched or felt.
Example: Bill Gates is a philanthropist.
Example: Sita is a great dancer. Sita loves music too.
Here the word ‘Sita’ is used more than once due to which the sentence has become a little cumbersome to read. Therefore, to prevent this, Pronoun can be used in place of ‘Sita’. Hence, the sentence will become like this.
Sita is a great dancer. She loves music too.
Definition of Verb: A verb is a word used to describe an action, state, or occurrence, and forming the main part of the predicate of a sentence, such as eat, fly, cry.
Example: Tiger ate the goat.
Here the word ‘ate‘ is representing the action done by the tiger. So ‘ate‘ is a verb here.Click here to know more about VERB and Types of verbs.
Definition: An Adjective is a word used to add something to the meaning of a noun or a pronoun. In other words, the words which are used to emphasize or qualify a noun or a pronoun are referred to as adjectives.
Example: This a sweet papaya.
Here the sentence without the word sweet will also make sense, but here ‘sweet‘ is used to qualify or describe the quality of the papaya. Hence, the word ‘sweet‘ is adjective here.
Definition: An adverb is a word used to add something to the meaning of the verb, an adjective, or another adverb but not Noun.
Example: The sunset is very beautiful.
The word ‘very‘ is qualifying the adjective beautiful which is adding to its meaning. Therefore, the word ‘very‘ is an adverb here.
A preposition is a word used to show the relation OR position of a noun(pronoun) with other noun (pronoun).
Example: The cat is on the table.
Here the word ‘on‘ is showing the relation of the cat with the table. Therefore, the word ‘on‘ is preposition here.
Definition of Conjunction: A Conjunction is a word used to join two or more words, phrases or sentences.
Example: Ram went to a hill and shouted his name out-loud.
Here, you can see two different sentences, which would have been complete on their own, are joined by the word ‘and’. Therefore, the word ‘and’ is a conjunction.
Definition: An Interjection is a word, used in a sentence, to express sudden feelings, emotions, actions.
Example: Hurray! We won the 1st prize.
The word ‘Hurray’ displays an event of sudden feeling and emotion. Hence, an Interjection.
Although a part of the adjective, many writers consider determiners as an individual part of speech. Thanks to its extensive use in English Grammar.
A Determiner is a modifying word that determines the kind of reference a noun or noun group has. An article is one of the extensively used and known kinds of determiners.
Example- a, an, the, this, those etc..
Example Sentence: A man is sitting behind the mango tree.
Here ‘A‘ and ‘the’ are determiners (article). The usage of ‘a’, ‘an’, ‘the’ is discussed in the Lesson on Articles.
Now that you are aware of the complete list of parts of speech, take this short exercise.
Parts of Speech Examples and Exercise
Determine which part of speech each word belongs to in the following sentences. First one is done for your guidance.
Eg- Mahatma Gandhi is ‘the Father of the Nation‘.
In this sentence,
- ‘Mahatma Gandhi’ is a name, hence, a noun.
- ‘is’ is a verb.
- ‘the’ is an article or an adjective.
- ‘of’ is a preposition.
- ‘nation’ is a noun.
- I have a lot of things to eat.
- The car is near the tree.
- There is a book on the table.
- The door is not opened.
- Where were you born?
Do share your answers and comments with us. If you have any other queries, email it to us.