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CBSE Class 12th English Syllabus

The CBSE has prescribed the syllabus for the English Subject. There are various changes that have been done in the Exam pattern of English this year for Class 12th.

The Central Board of Secondary Education has issued the syllabus of Subject English with new pattern on it’s official website Which contains various sections and respective marks. Below providing you a detailed synopsis of the content under each section.

This will assist the students in understanding the requirement of syllabus and help plan the preparation in a more organized manner. Here we have provided the latest CBSE syllabus For Class 12th English Board Exam 2019 English(core) along with other important details.

Syllabus and Marking Scheme of English For Class 12th

UNIT No.Topics / Chapter NameMarks
 1 Comprehension (Short Answer(4), Very short (1))9
 2 Vocabulary testing (Very short answer) 1 Question3
 3 Study Skills (Comprehending & Note Making) 1 Question5
 4Summarising Skills (1 Question)3
 5Providing factual details, organisation, fluency and coherence (Short Writing Skill) 1 Question 5
 6Presenting factual details, format, fluency and coherence (Factual Reporting) 1 Question 10
 7Formatting, organisation, coherence, fluency (Long Writing Task) 1 Question 10
 8Organisation, coherence, fluency (Article LWS) 1 Question 10
English Core -XII (Text Books)
 9Poetry appreciation Interpretation Interpretation (Short answer(1), Very short answer (2)) 3 Questions 4
 10Comprehension Interpretation Understanding Interpretation (Short Answer) 4 question * 2 8
11Comprehension Interpretation Understanding Understanding and interpretation (Short answer) 5 question * 2 10
 12Content organisation Fluency, Coherence, Understanding (long answers) 10
 13Content organisation, fluency, coherence, understanding (Long Answers) 7
 14Understanding Understanding Interpretation Understanding (Short Answer) 4 question * 28

English Core Class 12 Syllabus:

SECTION A (Reading Comprehension)

Maximum marks:30

Topic: Reading Unseen Passages and Note making

The section A will comprise of three passages.

Part A:

  • This part consists of two unseen passages with a variety of very short answer / short answer or multiple choice type questions to test comprehension, interpretation and inference.
  • It examines vocabulary such as word formation and inference of meaning.
  • The total length of the two passages will be between 1,100 – 1,200 words. Six Multiple Choice type question and sixteen very short answer type questions (total 22 Marks) shall be asked from these passages.

Unseen passage:

The passage will include two of the following:

  • Factual passages, e.g., instructions, descriptions, reports etc
  • Descriptive passages involving opinion, e.g., argumentative, persuasive or interpretative text
  • Literary passages, e.g., extract from fiction, drama, poetry, essay or biography. A poem could be of 28-35 lines.

Part B:

The third passage will be of 400-500 words.

Note-making and abstraction will be assessed in this part.

  1. One short answer type question
  2. One long answer type question to be answered in 80-100 words

SECTION B (Writing Skills)

Maximum marks: 30

  • One question out of the two short answer questions, e.g., advertisement and notices, designing or drafting posters, writing formal and informal invitations and replies
  • One question out of the two long answer questions based on letters to be answered in 120-150 words
  • Apart from this, two very long answer questions containing internal choice are to be answered in 150-200 words.
  • This part can include a question based on article writing, a debate, a speech or a report writing.

Types of letters:

  1. Business or official letters (for making enquiries, registering complaints, asking for and giving information, placing orders and sending replies)
  2. Letters to the editor (giving suggestions or opinion on issues of public interest)
  3. Application for a job

SECTION C (Literature Textbooks And Long Reading Text)

Maximum marks: 40

Prescribed books: Flamingo and Vistas

  • Very short answer questions – Based on an extract from poetry to test comprehension and appreciation
  • Four out of six short answer questions based on prose /drama/ poetry from both texts
  • One out of two Long Answer Questions to be answered in 120-150 words to test global comprehension and extrapolation beyond the texts.
  • One out of two Long Answer Questions t o be answered in 120-150 words to test global comprehension along with analysis and extrapolation.
  • One out of two Long Answer Questions to be answered in 120-150 words based on theme, plot and incidents from the prescribed novels.
  • One out of two Long Answer Questions to be answered in 120-150 words – based on understanding appreciation, analysis and interpretation of character sketch.

English Elective Class 12 Syllabus

Class 12th English Exam Structure

AReading Skills20
BWriting Skills and Grammar40
CLiterary Texts & Long Reading40

Section A: Reading Skills

Very short answer / Short answer and MCQ type questions:

Two unseen passages (including poems) with a variety of questions including 04 marks for vocabulary such as word formation and inferring meaning. The total range of the two passages including a poem or a stanza, should be around 1000-1100 words to assess comprehension, analysis, inference, evaluation and literary appreciation.

  1. 550-600 words in length (for note-making and summarising)
  2. 450-500 words in length (to test comprehension)

The passage could be of any one of the following types:

  • Factual passages, e.g., illustrations, description, reports
  • Discursive passages involving opinion, e.g., argumentative, persuasive
  • Literary passages, e.g., poems, extracts from fiction, biography, autobiography, travelogue, etc. In the case of a poem, the text may be shorter than the prescribed word limit.

Section B: Writing Skills and Grammar

Short Answer Question: Notices, advertisements, factual description of people, places and objects, drafting posters, drafting, accepting and declining invitations.

Long Answer Question: Letter of any of the following types based on a verbal or visual input:  

  • a) Official letters for making inquiries, suggesting changes – registering and responding to complaints, asking for and giving information, placing orders and sending replies.
  • b) Letters to the editor on various social, national and international issues.
  • c) Application for a job including CV (Curriculum Vitae) / Resumé.

Very Long Answer Question: Sustained writing task such as writing a speech, an article for a magazine or a report based on verbal / visual input.

Enligh Grammar Syllabus for Class 12th

A variety of questions, as listed below may be asked, involving the application of grammar items in context (i.e., not in isolated sentences). The grammar syllabus will be sampled each year.

Though only modals, determiners, voice and tense forms have been dealt with in class XI, however, other grammar items such as prepositions, verb forms, connectors which have been learnt earlier would also be included.

Very Short Questions and Multiple Choice Questions

  • Reordering of words and sentences
  • Composing a dialogue based on a given input
  • Error correction in sentences
  • Drafting questions / questionnaires based on given input

Section C: Literature: Prescribed Books and Long Reading Text (Novel)

Questions to test comprehension at different levels and of different kinds – local, global, interpretative, inferential, evaluative and extrapolatory.

Very Short and Short Answer Questions: Two based on out of three extracts from different poems to test theme, setting and literary devices.

Short Answer Questions: Based on different prose / drama / poetry / pieces from the Literature Reader; to test local and global comprehension of ideas and languages used in the text.

Long Answer Question: Extended questions based on one of the prose texts or play in the Literature Reader to test global comprehension and for extrapolation beyond the text.

Long Answer Questions: To test understanding, appreciation, analysis, inference in a plot and writing a character sketch.

Note: Values based questions for 4 marks may be asked in Sections – B or C.

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